鎵0鍣(鍠囧彮)鐨勯鐜囩壒鎬

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鎵灞炲垎绫伙細闊崇璁捐

鎴戜滑鐭ラ亾锛鎵0鍣鐨勯敟鐩嗗叿鏈変竴瀹氱殑鍒氭э紝瀹冨湪浣庨娈靛彲浠ョ湅浣滄槸涓涓垰浣擄紝浣嗗綋鎵0鍣ㄧ殑宸ヤ綔棰戠巼澧為珮鏃讹紝鎵0鍣ㄩ敟鐩嗗氨涓嶅啀鏄竴涓垰浣擄紝閿ョ泦灏嗕細鍑虹幇鍒嗗壊鎸姩銆傛澶栵紝鎵0鍣ㄩ敟鐩嗗拰鎶樼幆鍦ㄦ尟鍔ㄦ椂杩樹細鍑虹幇鐩镐簰骞叉壈鐜拌薄銆傜敱浜庤繖浜涘師鍥狅紝褰撴垜浠皢涓嶅悓棰戠巼鐨勯煶棰戜俊鍙疯緭缁欐壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鏃讹紝铏界劧闊抽淇″彿鐢靛帇淇濇寔涓嶅彉锛屾壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓杈愬皠鍑虹殑澹板帇鍗撮殢鐫淇″彿棰戠巼鐨勪笉鍚岃屽彉鍖栥傛壃澹板櫒鐨勯鐜囩壒鎬у氨鏄寚褰撹緭鍏ユ壃澹板櫒鐨勪俊鍙风數鍘嬫亽瀹氫笉鍙樻椂鎵0鍣ㄥ湪鍙傝冭酱涓婄殑杈撳嚭澹板帇闅忚緭鍏ヤ俊鍙风殑棰戠巼鑰屽彉鍖栫殑瑙勫緥銆傛壃澹板櫒鐨勯鐜囩壒鎬ф彮绀轰簡鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冨涓嶅悓棰戠巼鐨勫0娉㈢殑杈愬皠鑳藉姏锛屽洜姝わ紝瀹冩槸鎵0鍣ㄧ殑閲嶈鍙傛暟涔嬩竴銆傛壃澹板櫒鐨勯鐜囩壒鎬у彲浠ラ氳繃棰戠巼鐗规ф洸绾裤佹湁鏁堥鐜囪寖鍥村拰涓嶅潎鍖搴﹁繖涓夋柟闈㈢患鍚堣〃绀恒

鎵0鍣(鍠囧彮)鐨勯鐜囩壒鎬

鏌愬叏棰戞壃澹板櫒(鍠囧彮)鍗曞厓鐨勯鐜囧搷搴旀洸绾

锛1锛夋壃澹板櫒鐨勯鍝嶆洸绾
鎺ヨЕ杩囨壃澹板櫒鐨勪汉澶у鐪嬪埌杩囨壃澹板櫒鐨勯鍝嶆洸绾匡紝瀹冩槸涓鏉¤褰曞湪瀹藉害涓5cm鎴10cm璁板綍绾镐笂鐨勮繛缁笉瑙勫垯鏇茬嚎銆傝褰曠焊涓婄殑锛歌酱琛ㄧず杈撳叆鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑鐢典俊鍙烽鐜囷紱Y杞磋〃绀鸿娴嬫壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鍦ㄤ笉鍚岄鐜囩殑鐢典俊鍙锋椂鎵浜х敓鐨勫0鍘嬬骇锛屾垜浠汉鑰冲彲浠ュ惉鍒扮殑澹板帇鑼冨洿鐩稿綋澶э紝浠庤虫湹鍒氳兘鍚埌鐨勫0鍘嬪埌鑰虫湹鎰熷埌鐤肩棝鏃剁殑澹板帇涓婁笅鐩稿樊杩戜竴鐧句竾鍊嶏紝濡傛瀹藉ぇ鐨勫0鍘嬪彉鍖栬寖鍥寸洿鎺ョ敤澹板帇杩涜娴嬮噺鍜屾瘮杈冧細鏄惧緱鍗佸垎涓嶄究銆備汉浠湪瀹為獙涓彂鐜帮紝浜鸿崇殑鍚鐗规у叿鏈夋寚鏁扮壒鎬э紝鐢ㄦ寚鏁板舰寮忔潵琛ㄧず澹板帇绾уぇ灏忎粠瀹㈣涓婁篃鑳界鍚堜汉鐨勫惉瑙夊垎杈ㄨ兘鍔涖傚0鍘嬬骇鐨勫崟浣嶆槸鍒嗚礉(dB)锛屽畠鍦ㄩ煶鍝嶆妧鏈腑鏄竴涓浉褰撴湁鐢ㄧ殑搴﹂噺鍗曚綅銆傛煇涓鍙戝0浣撶殑澹板帇绾у彲浠ョ敤璇ュ彂澹颁綋鎵浜х敓鐨勬湁鏁堝0鍘婸涓庡熀鍑嗗0鍘婸r姣斿肩殑甯哥敤瀵规暟涔樹互20鏉ヨ〃绀恒傝繖閲岀殑鍩哄噯澹板帇Pr鏄寚澶у鏁板惉鍔涙甯哥殑浜哄垰鑳藉惉鍒伴鐜囦负1000Hz鐨勫0闊虫椂璇ュ0闊崇殑澹板帇銆傛垜浠氬父灏嗚虫湹鍒氳兘鍚埌鐨勫0鍘嬬骇涓哄彨0dB锛岄偅涔堟垜浠劅瑙夐渿鑰虫鑱嬫椂鐨勫0鍘嬬骇鍙湁140dB锛岀敱姝ゅ彲瑙佺敤瀵规暟褰㈠紡琛ㄧず澹板帇绾х殑澶у皬鍙互浣垮0鍘嬬骇鐨勬祴閲忓拰姣旇緝鍙樺緱鍗佸垎绠鍗曘傛壃澹板櫒鐨勯鍝嶆洸绾跨洰鍓嶅ぇ澶氬湪娑堝0瀹や腑娴嬪緱锛屽叿浣撴祴璇曟柟娉曞鍥1-7鎵绀恒傝娴嬫壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓閫氬父鍥哄畾鍦ㄦ秷澹板鍐呯殑鏍囧噯闅滄澘涓婏紝娴嬮噺璇濈瓛鏀剧疆鍦ㄨ娴嬫壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鐨勫弬鑰冭酱涓娿傜洰鍓嶅ぇ澶氭暟鎵0鍣ㄧ殑棰戝搷鏇茬嚎鍦1m.1w鐨勬潯浠朵笅娴嬪緱锛屽嵆杈撳叆琚祴鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑淇″彿鍔熺巼涓1w锛屾祴閲忚瘽绛掓部琚祴鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑鍙傝冭酱璺濈鎵0鍣ㄧ殑鍙戝0闈1m銆備俊鍙峰彂鐢熷櫒鐨勮緭鍑轰俊鍙风粡鍔熺巼鏀惧ぇ鍣ㄦ斁澶у悗棣堥佸埌琚祴鎵0鍣紝琚祴鎵0鍣ㄨ緪灏勫嚭鐨勫0淇″彿琚祴閲忚瘽绛掓帴鏀跺悗杞彉涓虹數淇″彿锛岀粡娴嬮噺鏀惧ぇ鍣ㄥ鐞嗗悗杩涜嚦鐢靛钩璁板綍浠傚綋淇″彿鍙戠敓鍣ㄧ殑杈撳嚭淇″彿棰戠巼鍙戠敓鍙樺寲鏃讹紝鎵0鍣ㄨ緭鍑哄0鍘嬪彂鐢熺殑鐩稿簲鍙樺寲渚垮悓姝ュ湴琚數骞宠褰曚华璁板綍涓嬫潵锛岃繖灏辨槸琚祴鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑棰戝搷鏇茬嚎銆
鍦ㄧ己涔忎笓闂ㄦ祴璇曡澶囩殑鏉′欢涓嬶紝鎴戜滑涔熷彲鍒╃敤涓浜涚畝鏄撶殑闊冲搷鍣ㄦ潗锛氫竴鍙伴煶棰戜俊鍙峰彂鐢熷櫒銆佷竴鍙數瀛愭浼忚〃銆佷竴鍙版ц兘杈冨ソ骞跺叿鏈夎瘽绛掕緭鍏ョ殑鍔熺巼鏀惧ぇ鍣ㄥ拰涓鍙綍闊宠瘽绛掞紝瀵归煶绠辩殑棰戝搷鐗规ц繘琛屽ぇ鑷存祴璇曘傛祴璇曟椂灏嗗綍闊宠瘽绛掓斁缃湪璺濊娴嬮煶绠卞彂澹伴潰鍑犱綍涓績鐨勬鍓嶆柟1m澶勶紝褰曢煶璇濈瓛鎷惧彇鐨勫井寮辩數淇″彿缁忚瘽绛掕緭鍏ョ杈撳叆鍔熺巼鏀惧ぇ鍣紝鍔熺巼鏀惧ぇ鍣ㄧ殑杈撳嚭绔帴涓鍙8惟鐨勭嚎缁曡礋杞界數闃伙紝鐢靛瓙姣紡琛ㄥ苟鎺ュ湪璐熻浇鐢甸樆鐨勪袱绔傜敤闊抽淇″彿鍙戠敓鍣ㄥ悜琚祴闊崇杈撳嚭涓涓1kHz鐨勯煶棰戜俊鍙凤紝璋冭妭鍔熺巼鏀惧ぇ鍣ㄧ殑闊抽噺鐢典綅鍣紝浣跨數瀛愭浼忚〃涓婄殑鐢靛帇涓2v宸﹀彸锛屽皢闊抽淇″彿鍙戠敓鍣ㄨ緭鍑轰俊浜夌殑棰戠巼浠20Hz缂撴參涓婂崌鍒20000Hz锛屾牴鎹數瀛愭浼忚〃涓婄數鍘嬬殑璧蜂紡鍙樺寲锛屽嵆鍙ぇ鑷翠簡瑙h娴嬮煶绠辩殑棰戝搷鐗规с傚綋鐒讹紝杩欐椂鐢靛瓙姣紡琛ㄤ笂鍙嶆槧鍑虹殑棰戝搷鐗规э紝蹇呯劧鍖呮嫭鎴块棿澹板鐜瀵归煶绠遍鍝嶇壒鎬х殑褰卞搷浠ュ強鎵鐢ㄥ姛鐜囨斁澶у櫒銆佸綍闊宠瘽绛掕嚜韬鐜囩壒鎬у紩璧风殑娴嬮噺璇樊銆傚鏋滆兘鍊熷埌澹扮骇璁$殑璇濓紝鍙互鐩存帴灏嗗0绾ц鏀剧疆鍦ㄥ垰鎵嶇殑娴嬮噺璇濈瓛浣嶇疆锛岀洿鎺ヤ粠澹扮骇璁′笂璇诲嚭闊崇鍦ㄦ煇鐗瑰畾棰戠巼涓嬬殑杈撳嚭澹板帇锛屼粠鑰屽垽鏂嚭闊崇鍦ㄥ摢浜涢鐜囩偣鏈夋槑鏄剧殑宄拌胺鐐广
锛2锛夋壃澹板櫒鐨勬湁鏁堥鐜囪寖鍥
鍦ㄨ娴嬫壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓棰戝搷鏇茬嚎涓婂0鍘嬬骇鏈楂樼殑鍖哄煙鍐呴夊彇涓涓嶉绋嬬殑甯﹀锛岃绠楀嚭璇ュ甫瀹界殑骞冲潎澹板帇绾э紝鐒跺悗灏嗘骞冲潎澹板帇绾т綔涓哄熀鍑嗭紝鍦ㄦ骞冲潎澹板帇绾т互涓10dB澶勪綔涓鏉′笌锛歌酱骞宠鐨勭洿绾匡紝璇ユ按骞崇洿绾夸笌鎵0鍣ㄧ殑棰戝搷鏇茬嚎鏈変袱涓氦鐐癸紝杩欎袱涓氦鐐规墍瀵瑰簲鐨勯鐜囦箣闂寸殑棰戠巼鑼冨洿灏辨槸鎴戜滑甯歌鐨勬壃澹板櫒鏈夋晥棰戠巼鑼冨洿銆傚嶉绋嬫槸鎸囦袱涓鐜囨瘮涓2鐨勯鐜囧悓闅旓紝渚嬪250Hz鍒500Hz锛屾垨5000Hz鍒10000Hz锛岄兘鏄竴涓嶉绋嬨傛垜浠湪鍓嶉潰宸茬粡璁茶繃锛屽綋杈撳叆鐢靛姩寮忔壃澹板櫒鐨勪俊鍙烽鐜囦綆浜庡畠鐨勮皭鎸鐜囨椂锛屾壃澹板櫒鐨勮緭鍑哄0鍘嬩互姣忓嶉绋12dB鐨勯熷害涓嬮檷锛屽洜姝ゅ浗闄呯數宸ュ鍛樹細锛圛EC锛夎瀹氬皢鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑璋愭尟棰戠巼浣滀负璇ユ壃澹板櫒鐨勪綆棰戜笅闄愰鐜囷紝鑰屽皢鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冮鍝嶆洸绾块珮棰戠鐨勪氦鐐逛负璇ユ壃澹板櫒鐨勯珮棰戜笂闄愰鐜囷紝瀹冧滑涔嬮棶鐨勯鐜囪寖鍥寸О涓鸿鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑鏈夋晥棰戠巼鑼冨洿銆傚浘1-18灏辨槸鐢˙&K2012闊抽鍒嗘瀽浠湪闈炴秷澹板鏉′欢涓嬬敤TFSR鏂瑰紡娴嬪緱鐨勯摱绗涙煇涓浣庨鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑瀹炴祴棰戝搷鏇茬嚎锛屾垜浠眰鍑哄畠鐨勬渶楂樺0鍘嬬骇鍖哄煙鍐2500~5000Hz杩欎釜鍊嶉绋嬬殑骞冲潎澹板帇绾т负87dB锛岀劧鍚庡湪77dB澶勫垝涓鏍规按骞崇嚎锛岃繖鏉℃按骞崇洿绾夸笌璇ラ鍝嶆洸绾垮垎鍒浉浜や簬40Hz鍜8000Hz涓ょ偣锛屽洜姝わ紝璇ヤ綆棰戞壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鐨勬湁鏁堥鐜囪寖鍥翠负40鍜8000Hz涓ょ偣锛屽洜姝わ紝璇ヤ綆棰戞壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鐨勬湁鏁堥鐜囪寖鍥翠负40~8000Hz銆傛湁鏃舵壃澹板櫒鐢熶骇鍘傝繕鎻愪緵涓绉嶇О涓烘壃澹板櫒棰濆畾棰戠巼鑼冨洿鐨勬寚鏍囥傛壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鐨勯瀹氶鐜囪寖鍥村拰鏈夋晥棰戠巼鑼冨洿鏄袱涓笉鍚岀殑姒傚康銆傚墠鑰呮槸鎵0鍣ㄧ敓浜у巶鏍规嵁鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑浜у搧鏍囧噯鍙婄敤閫旇岃瀹氱殑鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冩渶浣冲伐浣滈鐜囪寖鍥达紱鍚庤呮槸鎸囨壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鑳藉鏈夋晥鍦伴噸鏀惧嚭婊¤冻涓瀹氬0鍘嬬骇瑕佹眰鐨勪俊鍙风殑棰戠巼鑼冨洿銆傜敱浜庝袱鑰呭畾涔変笉鍚岋紝瀹冧滑鐨勯鐜囪寖鍥翠篃涓嶅悓銆
锛3锛夋壃澹板櫒鐨勪笉鍧囧寑搴
閫氬父鎴戜滑娴嬪緱鐨勬壃澹板櫒棰戝搷鏇茬嚎骞堕潪涓鏉″钩鍧︾殑鐩寸嚎锛屽畠鏄竴鏉″叿鏈夎澶氬嘲璋风偣鐨勪笉瑙勫垯杩炵画鏇茬嚎锛屽湪琚祴鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑鏈夋晥棰戠巼鑼冨洿鍐咃紝棰戝搷鏇茬嚎涓婃渶澶у0鍘嬬骇涓庢渶灏忓0鍘嬬骇涔嬪樊锛岀О涓鸿鎵0鍣ㄥ崟鍏冪殑涓嶅潎鍖搴︺傜獎浜1/9鍊嶉绋嬬殑宄板拰璋峰拷鐣ヤ笉璁°傛垜浠粛浠ュ浘1-18涓殑棰戝搷鏇茬嚎涓轰緥锛屽湪蹇界暐涓嶈灏忎簬1/9鍊嶉绋嬬殑鎯呭喌涓嬶紝璇ユ壃澹板櫒鐨勬渶澶у0鍘嬬骇涓92dB鏈灏忓0鍘嬬骇涓82dB锛屽緱鍑鸿浣庨鎵0鍣ㄧ殑涓嶅潎鍖搴︿负10dB锛屾壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鐨勯鍝嶆洸绾胯秺骞冲潶锛屾壃澹板櫒鍗曞厓鐨勪笉鍧囧寑搴﹁秺灏忋

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鍙戣〃璇勮

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